Established by the then District People's Committee of Maribor, Museum of National Liberation Maribor began operating on 1 May 1958. Its origins, however, reach back to 1947, when a collection on National Liberation Struggle had already been installed in Maribor Regional Museum. It was the first collection of its kind to be found in complex Slovenian museums. The concept, i.e. a history museum exploring the recent history of the North-eastern Slovenia in museological and historical terms, was precisely defined upon its foundation.